Infrastructure Analysis

The Tunnel is expected to boost infrastructure development in Sumatra, particularly in rail and highways.

Rail Development

Railways in Sumatra are few and scattered around Medan, Padang and Lampung, Road network is inadequate to currently handle existing traffic, single lane of mixed quality - Dumai to Pekan Baru can take over 6 hours by car averaging 30 KM/hour.

However, Indonesia Railway has initiated a vision that by 2030, the Trans Sumatra railway network will be developed as the backbone of mass transportation in urban areas. This masterplan envisions the following:

  • National Railway Masterplan - Integrated, secured, safe, comfortable, reliable, and affordable of services
  • 12,100 Km National Railways Network on 2030 (Jawa-Bali Island, Sumatera, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua) including 3.800 km urban railways network.
  • Passenger Rolling stock: 2.805 unit locomotive, 27.960 unit passenger coaches.
  • Freight Trains Rolling stock: 1.995 unit locomotive and 39.655 unit freight wagons

The Rail Network plan in 2030 is targeted to have the following:

  • Developing intercity railways network: Aceh, Medan, Pekanbaru, Padang, Jambi, Palembang, Bandar Lampung.
  • Developing urban railways network: Medan, Pekanbaru, Padang, Palembang, Bandar Lampung and Batam.
  • Developing access to airport: Kualanamu, Minangkabau, Sultan Mahmud Badarudin Dua and Hang Nadim.
  • Developing access to seaport: Lhokseumawe, Belawan, Dumai, Tanjung Api-api, Dumai, Teluk Bayur and Panjang.


Highway Development

Furthermore, Indonesia has commenced a mega highway road project connecting major cities in Sumatera from the north to the south, strengthening connectivity. The Trans Sumatra highway road project spans 2,700 kilometers from Banda Aceh, the capital of Sumatra's westernmost province of Aceh to Bandar Lampung, the capital of the island's southernmost province of Lampung.